Valuable

 

Wood

 


Wood species

Wood
The processing of wood for decorative or ritual objects has in Asia or Africa a centuries-old tradition. Skilled woodcarvers emphasize in their objects the natural beauty, texture, color and grain of the wood. Each sculpture is by the individual signature of the artist and is absolutely unique.

Teak
Our teak comes mainly from Indonesia. A distinction between old and new teak. Old teak wood is solid, used teak, which originates from everyday objects formerly other purposes. So the old timbers may have originally served as canoeing, cartwheel, or as anchoring board. New teak Comes from controlled plantations. These trees are cut down to provide more space to other growing trees. Teak is fungal and insect resistant and is mainly processed into high-quality indoor and outdoor furniture and sculptures. Young teak wood is yellowish, later light to dark brown with black grain. Old teak is very valuable and expensive and is therefore often artistically "recycled" into new objects. If untreated teak and is exposed to the weather, so formed on the wood surface molds, including by the continuous humidification. Over time, this process to a more or less intense graying, or "silver" (patina) lead. Depending on Teakholzart the intensity of the gray shade is different. By its content of oily ingredients Teak can be left natural. Other Teakstücke be admitted, oiled, waxed or patina. Teak is weather resistant and suitable for outdoor use.

Ebony
Ebony is one of the most beautiful and expensive woods in the world. The Cameroon ebony Comes from Africa and is the most common in the world market variety ebony, usually jet black color, but often coated with gray veins. Ebony species differ in value by "open porosity" (less valuable) and "fine pores" (expensive and rare).
For Indonesia, Makassar ebony dates. It is one of the "colored" Eben wood and sapwood is yellowish-white, the heartwood black with the very distinctive pale yellow to brown striped, longitudinal veins. It is very tight, light-resistant and color fast. The highest quality Ebenholzart, the Ceylon ebony comes from Asia, is extremely hard and has practically no pores. It is thus very well polished to a high gloss. Unfortunately, this quality is today hardly available and purchase. African wooden artist (Makonde) provide a variety of ebony sculptures, animal sculptures and decoration objects, such as "Family trees" of excellent quality and rarity. The artistic imagination and design are set by the ebony Texture no limits.

Hibiscus wood
Hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is one of the most used trees Asia, Indonesia and Polynesia. The fibers of the young bark stable ropes, but also book covers and mats are manufactured. The old bark, also called tapa, chopped and the Tahitian women made from, inter alia, Fiber skirts ago, they wore their traditional dances. The lightweight wood is used for the production of handicrafts, door frames, planks, rowing and outrigger canoes.

Suarholz
Suarholz (Samanea Saman), Raintree, Monkeypod or also known as Asian oak, is an Indonesian wood that is excellently suitable for carving. Balinese wood artists create from Suarholz sculptures, animal figures and decorative objects of high quality. When the Buddha figurines for example, the quality shows in the elegant draperies, the perfect hand positions (mudras) and left in the classical expression of the Buddha. Each sculpture is true craftsmanship of an experienced artist and unique. From Suar arise, inter alia, larger objects such as garden pavilions (gazebos) and various furniture. Objects from Suarholz are usually patinated concluded. Suarholz is weather resistant and suitable for outdoor use.

Mango wood
Mango wood comes from mango fruit tree (Magnifera indica). He is up to 25 meters high with a trunk diameter of up to one meter. It is widely distributed in India. These trees are planted in large orchards for the production of mango fruit. Once the trees have played, so no longer produce enough fruit, they are beaten. they are then about 15 years old. By slow-growing wood mango wood has a similar hardness as teak.
First, the trees are cut into large pieces, which are then worked with special tools in a finer form. On the lathe to get the final design. In order to obtain a particularly nice, smooth surface, the pieces are then polished in several steps up to six times. Slow drying in special drying ensures lasting quality.

Balsawood
Balsa wood comes from the smaller light tree (Ochroma lagopus). He is a fast growing tree and soon reach 5-6 years, a stem length of 6-8 meters and an overall height of 15-20 meters. It grows free of branches and the trunk diameter up to 50 cm. The bark is soft and cracked with age, it is covered with gray and lighter patches. Certified growing areas are mainly the central and northern America, but also partly Indonesia and Asia.
Balsa wood is a very light wood, it is very soft and elastic, but has a high compressive strength. The flexural strength will vary for each type of wood from the trunk or middle of the trunk exterior.
Applies balsa wood in modeling, aircraft, as insulation and insulation, as Korkersatz and in the paper industry. In places, you will find but also surfboards, guitars and a variety of crafts made of balsa wood.

Acacia wood
Acacia wood is a densely textured, tropical hardwood with strikingly beautiful, natural drawing and a warm, reddish light color. It has similar properties and durability of teak. The massive processing ensures high stability and durability.

Elderberry wood
Elderberry wood comes from elderberry (Sambucus) and is mainly used in arts and crafts, as well as in the flute and pipe production. It has a yellowish to dark gray color. Noticeable features are the visible and coarse wavy annual rings and needle cracks in longitudinal section. Elderberry is dense, hard, medium, and light cleavable. There are approximately 20-30 different species.

Molaveholz
Molaveholz is a densely textured, tropical hardwood from friendly, bright color. It is extremely robust and very heavy, and therefore of very long shelf life. The massive processing provides good stability and long life.

Mahogany wood
West Indian mahogany (Swietenia mahogany (L.) Jacq., Syn .: Cedrela mahogany L.) is due to its rarity, the most expensive woods of the present and comes from tropical deciduous hardwoods with mostly reddish grain on a light background. Our items are made from the roots of old, precipitated or naturally fallen trees. The roots, often more than 150 years old, are all possible care excavated by hand, carefully cleaned and dried. The objects are very stable and has a long shelf life. These solid roots have been formed very stubborn and quirky by nature. Therefore, all objects have their own character and no two pieces are alike others.
Because of the massive logging and exports in the past, mahogany wood has been decimated in its holdings. Its natural occurrence is limited exclusively to the Caribbean islands and has trade names such as the Cuba, San Domingo, Haiti or mahogany. Today, commercially available wood of this species comes from growing areas of South Asia and is grown specifically for the luxury furniture market and crafts.

Red Wood Wood
Red Wood is a very hard and durable wood species derived from large redwood trees. The elegant, dark red to brown color and the fine structure give the wood a valuable look. The wood is softer than teak, however. Through the thick, massive structure of the same good quality

 

 

Jewelry


Pearls origin

Pearls are appreciated for many thousands of years for their beauty and rarity. So revered the inhabitants of ancient China, Egypt, India, in the Arab world, in ancient Rome and the ancient cultures of America these unique, naturally grown treasures.

Pearls are the only gems that grow in a living organism. They form in oysters and mollusks in the meat implants itself a foreign body. In response to this foreign body secretes the shell, a crystalline substance that is followed in many layers around the foreign body and the pearl formed. This substance is then called nacre. The nacre layer mainly consists of several layers of crystalline calcium carbonate and conchiolin.

There are of course many thousands of different types of double-shelled mussels, but only about 8,000 of these species are known and only about 20 of them are able to produce pearls in the situation. These natural pearls are therefore always especially rare and valuable. They are so rare and expensive, as often irregular create the many layers of nacre around the foreign body inside the shell and then formed either round or spherical. Almost all naturally grown pearls are irregularly shaped.

Only a very small number of shells produced under natural conditions at all a pearl. From the beads in turn caused a little fraction has just desirable shapes or colors, and a minimum it will be of people ever found. If we were doing only rely on nature, only the wealthy could probably delight in this world in such pearls. So z: B. the "Pearl of Lao-Tbetween", one of the rarest and most expensive in the world, estimated at a value of 40 million US dollars.

This demonstrated some Japanese researchers in the late 19th and early 20th century to develop a method of artificially producing pearls. In essence, this method involves the introduction of a foreign body in the shellfish meat. Thereafter, the shell is equipped so again left in the sea to await the natural development of a hopefully glorious pearl. Kokichi Mikimoto has the honor to have perfected the technique of artificial stimulation to the development of round pearls in oysters. In 1916 he was awarded for this patent.

This discovery Mikimotos opened the doors for economic growth of the pearl industry in the Pearl as crops' can be grown. Cultured pearls can since this time last be produced in sufficient quantities and thus can now adorn each of its admirers with it.

Quote: "The pearls are the tears of joy of the gods over us humans".

 

Pearls breeding

Cultured pearls grown on plantations a pearl farm, where several thousand clams are planted and maintained over a period of 2 months to 6 years, which is the amount of time that a pearl needs to develop. As in every other area of cultivation, the breeding of a pearl depends on luck and skill appropriate. The entire shellfish culture can by unpredictable and uncontrollable factors such as water pollution, severe storms, extreme heat or cold, diseases and adversely impacted by further negative influence of man and nature or completely destroyed. Although the breeder much attention to the circumstances, a pearl farming can really be a risk business.

Before a breeder can ever begin to plant shells and begin the process of breeding, corresponding molluscs must be present. In the early days of pearl farming industry, these mussels were just fished out of the sea. Today we spent more to the modern practice and breeds suitable shells.

The pearl farmers collect mussel sperm and eggs of the most suitable shells, which are located on the farm and used the sperm to fertilize the eggs and thus testifies new mussel larvae. The larvae swim freely under controlled conditions in the water until they are a few weeks old to then be fixed to specific devices, which has provided for it in the water of pearl farmers.

In the wilderness of sea water, the larvae would settle in this developmental stage at a rock or stone. After a few months, the larvae develop into baby clams, which are then translocated to the Breeder in a so-called baby area of the farm and held there for 1 to 2 years up to the date on which the shell large enough to be carried out for a implantation is.

The process of implantation is a surgical procedure in which a foreign body is implanted into the mouthpiece. This foreign body causing irritation, and reactions of the shell, which then releases nacre substance that surrounds the body's foreign and then begins to form a pearl.
There are two types of implantation:

Salt water mussels are fertilized by planting a core of tissue based on the Pearl parent compound. The core is first covered with a small piece of tissue from a donor mussel and both planted together in the shell. It serves as a support form or application, which developed the pearl. The resulting bead sees the core as the center of (the point that you can shine through with X-rays) and the pearl will evolve similarly to the original core.

Freshwater mussels are fertilized only by the use of a strange piece of fabric, but without nuclear use. The pearl develop in the area of the fabric part used, which is over time can also develop fails, but forms a pearl of pure nacre. Known pearl types are: Tahitian cultured pearls, South Sea pearls, Akoya pearls and freshwater pearls.

After implantation, the shells are left for a few weeks alone so that they can recover from surgery. During this time, the mussels can certainly eliminate the implant, others get sick and die. But most of them survive this time quite well.

These shells are placed in baskets or nets and placed in the shell plantation under water, where they are kept during the formation of the pearl. Depending on the species of bivalve mollusc, this process may take a few weeks to several years.

During the growth phase of pearl watch the pearl farmers very accurate water quality, weather, and all other factors which might affect the health and development of the beads. Some shells require a wide range of water temperatures to form the best pearls. The breeder must check the water temperature then to reduce the baskets at warmer temperatures and raise the baskets at colder temperatures often. The baskets or networks such as also reduced during storms to protect the mussels from water turbulence.

Water pollution is a constant problem for the mussels and therefore make every pearl farmers countless necessary steps to ensure the cleanliness of the water. After the beads have fully developed, they must be harvested. The beads are then removed from the shells, washed, dried and sorted into different categories. Sometimes the beads are not polished, by turning them in salt and water. Then the beads are sold to jewelery manufacturers, producers and distributors.

 

Freshwater pearls

Although the traditional origin of pearl oysters are living in salt water, and mollusks that live in freshwater lakes and rivers, pearls can produce. China reaps freshwater pearls for a long time. First traditions in which beads were mentioned, date back to 2206 BC. The United States was also a major country of origin for freshwater pearls since the discovery of the New World significantly reduced the number of beads producing mussels to the 19th century, when over-harvesting and increasing pollution.

Freshwater pearls are usually somewhat less gloss (luster) than saltwater pearls. However, they occur in a variety of shapes and colors and are significantly cheaper in price, which is why they are extremely popular. Freshwater pearls are relatively robust and resist chipping, wear and show less signs of wear.

Freshwater pearls differ from other cultured pearls in that they are not provided with a core. Instead, only a small incision is made in the shell fabric, in which a tissue particle another oyster is used. This process is carried out up to 25 times on each half of the oyster, so that up to 50 beads may be formed. The shells are then placed back into their habitat in freshwater and cherished 2-6 years and maintained. The result is beads, which are made of solid nacre, while dissolve the tissue particles, or be sold. But the finished beads are seldom really about, because no core was implanted, which could affect the shape.

In recent years, the Chinese were able to bring the art of freshwater pearls breeding to a new level. For about 10 years, the quality of the cultured pearl is so high that the top qualities of some crops are barely distinguishable from those related saltwater pearls. Since then, interest in freshwater pearls rises as affordable alternative to the more expensive saltwater pearls again.

 

Pearls colors

Pearls come in many colors, from white to black. Especially the fact that pearls are grown organically jewelry, wearing alone even in a wide variety of shades.

The natural color of a pearl depends on a combination of factors:

The "body paint" the pearl is the main color. They can be white, silver, cream, gold, even his black green, blue or. The species of oyster or mussel, in the pearl grows (certain types usually bring out certain colors), as well as the environmental conditions or the type of foreign body implanted, are decisive.

The "About Color" is the transparent sheen that shows up on the body color of the pearl. This' color "changes the body color a little, and gives rich, vibrant shades. For example, a pearl may be white, but be coated with a rose-colored shimmer. Some beads have no overtone.

The term "Orient" names the iridescent sheen dancing apparently on the bead and sparkles when the bead is moved. This phenomenon is caused by the light that is reflected from the different thin nacreous layers. In the 30's came to Japan's Lake Biwa freshwater pearls in all new colors. Colors that were unknown to saltwater pearls before. From time to time the dictates of fashion even demanded the artificial coloring or painting of beads.

 

Pearl Luster "chandelier"

The chandelier essentially describes the ability of the bead to reflect light or the brilliance of its surface. The more a shimmering pearl, the more it shines and reflects light and colors. Beads with little luster appear more chalky and white, as bright and brilliant.

The strong luster is the result of the number of layers of nacre, from which the pearl was formed, which in turn gives an indication of how long could grow the pearl in the oyster. Pearls with strong luster are usually much more valuable than those with a low luster. An exception are Keshi or poppy seed beads here. Since these are made from 100% nacre, the Keshi pearls are usually very bright, but often less expensive than cultured pearls.